1. Staying off the road !
When you play, make sure that you are not suddenly on the road. While running, cycling or skating this can happen quickly. The curb is the limit.
2. Also look to the left and right at “green” !
Cross the street only at a green traffic light. Even with “green” always first look in all directions whether really all drivers have stopped.
3. In the dark, wear bright clothing and safety lights !
When it is dark outside, always wear bright clothing. Your school bag should have reflective strips. Even better if equiped with LED safety light as an addition!
4. Ride a bicycle on the sidewalk !
You can use the sidewalk whenever it appears safer to you. But watch out for pedestrians.
5. Wear a helmet !
Always wear a helmet when cycling, even on short distances.
6. Your bike lights and brakes need to work !
Check your bike regularly with your parents. Everything should be in place and should be working properly: the brakes, the lighting, the reflectors and the bell.
7. Never drive with inline skates on the roadway
If you go inline skating, wear full protective gear: helmet, wrist, elbow and knee pads. Never drive with inline skates on the roadway.
8. In the car use a child seat and the seat belt
Use on all the rides in the car, even on short trips, your child seat. Always use the seat belt.
9. Get off on the sidewalk side !
Always get off the car on the side of the walkway, never on the street.
10. Caution at bus stops !
At the bus stop you often have to wait. When the bus arrives or departs, watch like a hawk. And: stay calm when entering, when getting off never cross the roadway in front of the bus.
1. THINK FIRST – PLAN
Find the safest place to cross then stop.
If available cross the road at a zebra crossing, traffic light crossings or at traffic islands or where there is a police officer or a traffic warden. Wait on the pavement until the traffic has completely stopped.
If not available, choose a place where you can see clearly along the roads in all directions, and where drivers can see you.
Never cross on turns.
Stand on the pavement little way back from the edge. You should be away from the traffic but still be able to see all around. Even if there is no pavement stand at a little distance from the edge.
Don’t hurry, give yourself time and have a good look all round.
3. WATCH AND LISTEN
Look for traffic in all directions and listen.
4. WAIT UNTIL IT’S SAFE
Wait patiently and let the traffic pass.
Cross when there is a safe gap and you are sure there is enough time.
Don’t cross if you are not sure.
5. WATCH AND LISTEN
When it’s safe, walk directly across the road.
Keep looking & listening while crossing.
Children react differently in traffic than adults. Why ?
- Children have a more narrowed field of vision than adults, it is strongly restricted to the right and left. They notice laterally approaching vehicles very late.
- Children are not able to look to the left or right while running and they can not stop abruptly at risk.
- Children can not see over parked cars. They see less and are seen even less well.
- Children do not distinguish between seeing and being seen. If they see a car, they childrunsare convinced that they are also seen.
- Children can locate sounds badly. So they often do not recognize in time, the direction from which such horn or engine noises come.
- Children can estimate speeds and braking distances reasonably in advanced primary school age.
- Children do not realize that vehicles have a stop and braking distance.
- Short legs and smaller steps:
- Children need much longer to cross a roadway.
- Children react quickly without thinking if they have to simultaneously pay attention to several things.
- Children react spontaneous and thoughtless. They often just start running when friends wait on the other side of the road.
- Children notice only the things that currently interest them. Other incidents are not noticed or considered unimportant.
Children are no small adults
Many children know the basic traffic rules. In more complicated situations (crossing a busy street, cycling on sidewalk with parked cars) children often do not react adequately.
Children as cyclists
It is recommended that children (and their parents) only go alone on the road by bike, if they have participated at a traffic education course in a traffic school of youth. There, the children learn the correct behavior with the bike on the road.
Children should always wear a helmet when cycling!
What does this mean to as an adult ?
Be a role model ! Children learn by copying !
- You as a parent should teach your children the basic rules of behaving in traffic on time before school starts, so that they can participate independently in traffic.
- Cross the street only at the safest places (traffic lights, pedestrian crossings), even if it is connected to a small detour. At crosswalks, we first must all – not just the children – have eye contact to approaching drivers before taking the first step on the street.
- Principally, as a pedestrian always stop at the curb even with little traffic and orient to the left, then to the right and again to the left.
- If you bring your child to school by car, you should only transport it in an approved, age appropriate child safety seat and let it get out right at the sidewalk side.
- Parents should determine the the best way to kindergarten or to school, together with the children and practice it with them. Be guided by your child so you can see what it is already able to do and in what situations it is still insecure.
- The school and kindergarten children should go early in the morning after a proper breakfast out of the house. Stress and haste are dangerous. Also to storm out of the house “emotionally loaded” is not good. Fear, sadness and anger influence children’s behaviour strongly – even in traffic.
- Children should always wear bright clothing in traffic. An anorak or a school bag with reflective materials ensure security.
- With your child, make an agreement on at which time you expect it for lunch. Children who always must be on time at home, are only able to compensate delays by haste and hurry. A calm request about the reason for being late helps.
Watch your children on their ways:
- “Storms” your child on the sidewalks and even on the road?
- Do your children go alone or with friends?
- Do your children make any detours (e.g. to a shop)
- Let your children distract themselves by playing games, jumping, running around or conversations from the road?
If your children do not stick to the agreed rules, rebuked does not help a lot and often even has a contrary effect. A conversation with friends and other parents about possible hazards and the repeated practice of the ways is the more appropriate means.
All adults should be role models for children. Please help to prevent accidents on the road !